This paper focuses on the issue of alcohol in contemporary work organisations. It aims to shed light on how alcohol use and/or misuse is constructed as a "problem," the dimensions of the "problem" and how these are shaped by the discourses. The study examines the interaction between the organisational discourses and the actual practices regarding alcohol in the modern-day work environment. Instead of focusing on how to improve organisations, this paper explores, following Foucault’s post-Structuralist ideas, power relations, interactions between power relations, and discourses (expert and lay knowledge) to understand why/how certain organisational discourses and practices become dominant over time and why/how alcohol use has consequently become "problematised" in the workplace. Thus the issues of power relations and discourses in Knowledge-Intensive firms are primarily investigated in this study to uncover and understand how the drive by organisations for the "manageable" employee produces a worker who is self-regulating and self-disciplined. The paper will include an assessment of discourses from various organisational actors to shed light on the role of management, and the organisation for that matter, as a principle of control or government in creating autonomous and productive subjects in the workplace and wider society.
Learning and knowledge sharing is important for organization knowledge development. Individual knowledge ought to be aligned with enterprise knowledge and concentrate on improving the competitive advantage of an organization in today’s dynamic marketplace. There has been much research about knowledge learning and sharing in the organizational context. Evidently, learning and knowledge sharing processes in organizations are influenced by various factors. These influencing factors interact with each other. We proposed a model to explore the interrelationship between the influencing factors of knowledge learning and sharing in electronic component manufacturing companies. This study collected data from a manufacturing company producing high technology electronic components but uses high laborer intensive processes. It is a typical China based manufacturing company of today which is finding that cheap labor and low cost are no longer sufficient to maintain competitiveness. The company needs to have the capability to learn and improve with advancing technology. In our proposed model, we divide these factors into external factors (organization policy, organizational value, information technology) and internal factors (individual attitude, self-perceived knowledge competency). We used quantitative data to validate the proposed model and test our hypothesis. This study would be of particular interest to industry practitioners of organizational learning and developments.
Managing supply chains for perishable consumer products requires quick turnover time and high flexibility, which in turn requires high agility. Conditions increasing competition, such as the global availability of international products; differing grades and increasing variety of available products; increasing consumer awareness of standards, and constraints such as volatile demand, stringent standards controls, and increasingly comprehensive protection systems instituted by regulatory authorities; demand supply chains that efficiently handle products which have extremely short life-cycles. A better understanding of the field can be achieved if the seminal work in the area can be consolidated and dissected minutely via a hybrid of the systematic review approach, not only to critically examine the learning presented but also to better access future research opportunities. This study provides an exhaustive analysis of the nature of the field to date along with an in-depth analysis of the future potential for research. The research presents a multidimensional view of the consolidated academic studies as a knowledge-based research and management profiling tool. To this end, a meticulous agenda is provided to aid in the development and management of perishable supply chains.
As organizations strive for efficiency and effective execution, an accountable culture has come to the forefront of executive focus. This focus on accountability has ranged from achieving lofty revenue targets to completing daily assignments. The result is a highly effective model for achieving organizational execution, yet when over-stressed this has the high potential to drive a culture of fear in employees about their job security, introducing a level of management and organizational policy loathing. This paper explores cultures of security and fear and cultures of high and low accountability attempting to discover if it is possible for a culture of high accountability to also exhibit an environment of high job security.